Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM)


Latest Articles on JAHM

 

PHARMACEUTICO ANALYTICAL STANDARDIZATION OF RASA BHASMA PREPARED AS PER RASA MANJARI BY USING BHUDHARA YANTRA METHOD

Metals and minerals are being used in Ayurveda pharmaceutics and therapeutics since a very long period. Herbomineral formulations or Rasoushadhi are considered as more potent and quick acting. Rasa (mercury) is given prime importancein Rasashastra owing to its remarkable therapeutic potential. However, Rasa is to be utilized in any of the three forms i.e; MritaParada, BaddhaParada and MoorchithaParada.MrutaParada refers to ParadaBhasma which is claimed to have immense therapeutic potential and also helps to improve longevity. Rasa Bhasma or ParadaBhasma is a formulation mentioned in various text books of Rasashastraviz.,RasaRatnaSamuchchaya, Rasa Raja Sundara, Yoga Ratnakara, Bhavaprakasha, SharangadharaSamhita, Rasa PrakashaSudhakara, Vaidya Yoga Tarangini, BrihatNighantu, Rasa Manjari, Rasa Tarangini etc. But nowadays practically Rasa Bhasma is not being prepared due to the difficulty in the process and heat sensitivity of Parada. Here, an attempt was made to prepare Rasa Bhasma by following the reference of Rasa Manjari with due importance to Standard Operative Procedure. Three batches were prepared to standardize the process. Prepared Bhasma was tested following organoleptic, classical bhasmapareekshaand physico-chemical parameters. Advanced instrumental methods like SEM-EDAX, XRD, DLSand ICP-OESetc were followed to develop analytical standards.

Posted: 2018-07-13More...
 

“ANTIDIABETIC POTENTIAL OF YAVA MANTHA – AN IN VITRO STUDY”

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus [DM] is one among the group of metabolic diseases, in which there is high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Presently, more than 7.1% of India’s adult population affected by this disease.1 yava mantha administered as a therapeutic diet is expected to decrease the glucose levels in DM.  In the present study, the adopted samskara (processing) is manthana (churning). As per the verse “samskaro hi gunantaradhanam ucchayte  (processing brings in the quality change/improvement)”2 , by means of churning, it is expected to improve the quality of yava (Barley). Because DM is a yapya vyadhi (disease not curable but can be managed), importance has been focused on the use of traditional food preparations to tackle this disease.

Objectives: The main objective of this study was to study the inhibitory effect of yava mantha on alpha amylase and alpha glucosidase, two intestinal enzymes, and glucose lowering potential of yava mantha.

Materials and methods: Work was conducted at CFTRI, Mysore. Barley was purchased from departmental store, cleaned, dry roasted, milled and stored in an air tight container.

yava mantha was prepared by adding 48 grams (one  Pala) of powdered yava (yava saktu), 12 grams (one Karsha ) of ghee (Go Ghrita) and 192 ml of water ( 4 Pala) was added and churned using magnetic churners at the rate of 520 rpm till the homogenous mixture is obtained. i.e., 1:1:4 parts.

Results: On comparison with different samples, sample churned for 20 minutes has higher inhibition activity. The inhibition concentration (IC-50, mg/ml) of yava mantha churned for 20 minutes (B1) on alpha glucosidase enzyme (methanol extract) was 1.40mg/ml , on alpha glucosidase enzyme (methanol extract) was 6.34 mg/ml, on alpha glucosidase enzyme (water extract) was 189.17 mg/ml.

Discussion and conclusion: The inhibitory effect of yava mantha on alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase activities in vitro indicate that, there is hypoglycemic potential for yava mantha and can be considered as a very good anti-diabetic plant source.

Posted: 2018-06-13More...
 

EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTIVENESS OF LICORICE AND TRIPHALA MOUTHWASHES AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS

Aim:To assess the effectiveness of licorice and triphala against streptococcus mutans and to compare the effect of Licorice, Triphala and Chlorhexidine mouthwash.

Materials and Method:A single blinded quasi experimental study was conducted among the 75 study subjects selected from a tertiary care hospital aged 18-30 years after obtaining ethical clearance.  Aqueous extracts of licorice and triphala were prepared by maceration procedure. The mouth rinse was prepared by adding distilled water (15%) and peppermint oil. The study subjects were divided into 3 equal groups. Group A was provided with Licorice mouth wash, Group B with Triphala and Group C with Chlorhexidine and to safeguard against any bias, the examiner was not informed about the group allotment. The subjects were instructed on the procedure of using mouthwash. Baseline saliva sample was collected and inoculated in mitis salivarius agar and incubated at 370C for 24 hours. After which the colony count was counted and recorded. The saliva samples were again collected on the 7th day and analyzed by the same procedure.

Results:R-commander 2.3-0 was used to analyze the data. Licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine groups showed a reduction of 3.36x104, 3.48x104 and 2.6x104 respectively in mean mutans streptococci colony counts. So the mean mutans streptococci colony counts in all three groups decreased significantly. While comparing the antimicrobial effect of licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine, it was concluded that there was no significant difference between the licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine mouthwashes.

Conclusion:The study affirms that both the licorice and triphala mouthwashes have got similar antibacterial property as chlorhexidine. 

Posted: 2018-07-13More...
 

“ASSESEMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE (WHOQOL-BREF) IN NIGHT SHIFT WORKERS (RATRIJAGARANA)”

Abstract

WHOQOL- BREF is assessment of a multidimensional concept incorporating an individual’s perception of health status, which is embedded in a physical, psychological, social, and environmental context. Various types of health issues are common around the globe due improper sleep pattern and life style. Sleep deprivation can cause ill effects both physically and psychologically. Ratrijagarana is rooksha which causes increase in vata and divaswapna causes snigdhata (increases kapha) in our body. Out of total global employees, nearly 1/5th of them are shift workers. In the present scenario, our society demands round the clock services in order to meet their needs. The present study was opted to analyse the health status of the individuals who do night shift (ratrijagarana) due to their work pattern.

Objective:

To Evaluate the Health Status in night shift workers

Methods:

208 night shift workers were selected for this Survey study. WHO-QOL BREF Questionnaire was used for assessment of health status. (As per inclusion and exclusion criteria)

Results:

Among 208 subjects 89.9% had moderate health status when assessed with the WHO QOL Bref questionnaire. Maximum of 28.8 % had 56 percent of physical health status, 27.9% had 56 percent of psychological health status, 30.3% had 75 percent of socio-economic health status, 30.8% had 50 percent of environmental health status. The Chi-square test is significant (p<0.0005) with WHO Bref questionnaires.

Interpretations and conclusion:

Health status of night shift workers was moderate. Night shift working (ratrijagarana) has an impact on the health status of the individual by decreasing the physical, psychological and socio-economic health. Circadian misalignment is the cause for Shift Work Sleep Disorder (SWSD) and lead to Cognitive risks, Health risks and Social Risks of the individuals.

Key words: Health status, Ratrijagarana, Night shift workers, whoqol bref
Posted: 2018-06-15More...
 

USE OF GOLD IN HUMAN HEALTH AND DISEASES: RESEARCH UPDATES

In ancient times, the gold was mentioned for increasing intellectual powers and longevity of life through the procedure of swarna prashan. Gold in the form of fine gold dust, red colloidal solution, swarna patra, swarna bhasma, swarna parpati, kharaliya (triturated) formulations and Sindoorkalpa,(all are different types of forms of gold) often combined with ghee, honey, medhya (intellect promoting) and rasayana (rejuvenating drugs) herbs were popularly used in the Ayurveda therapies. In Ayurveda classics, gold is indicated for internal use even before conception for its rasayana (rejuvenator) and vajikarana (aphrodisiac) properties. After conception, it is used in pumsavana karma (procedure done to get the desired sex of the baby and for the proper intra-uterine growth and development of the fetus). After birth, gold is indicated in jatakarma sanskara (birth ceremony) and in the form of Lehana (supplementary feeds) for the proper growth and development of the child. Ayurveda advocates that if swarna prashan is administered for 1 month, the baby will become highly intelligent and will not be affected by any disease and if administered for 6 months, the baby will be able to remember the things, only by listening. Present review is an effort to critically evaluate the available evidences regarding the use of gold for the benefit of human being. The review proposes that the benefits of gold can be achieved at multiple levels like as a general health promoter and to enhance intelligence, immunity, digestion, metabolism, physical strength, complexion, or fertility.

 

 

Posted: 2018-07-15More...
 

Tambulasevana As A Dinacharya-A Scientific Review

Tambulasevana is one amongst the Dinacharya, explained by our ancient Acharya’s. Dinacharya is nothing but daily regimen that one should follow to keep ourselves free from diseases. Dinacharya is useful to avoid lifestyle disorders. Due to workload and increased mental pressure, day by day lots of new diseases are emerging. Health is neglected in pursuit of wealth. As per Ayurveda Soul, Mind and Body these three are the main pillars [1]. If these three are in normal state, our health is maintained. Charaka has mentioned two types of treatment i.e. diseases which are formed its treatment by drugs and diseases which are not yet formed, its prevention by avoiding the causative factors of the disease [2]. Dinacharya is advised to be followed by healthy person, as for unhealthy person pattern may change as per his health condition [3]. In Dinacharya things are described to avoid future probable diseases which may occur due to routine work and activity. Along with prevention it is way to strengthen our body and to improve immunity.  If we follow Tambulasevana as explained in our ancient text, it will help us to increase our digestion, to maintain hygiene of our mouth, avoids tooth caries. It removes stickiness of mouth by alleviating vitiated kapha dosha. An effort is made to explore the Tambulasevana as per our literature.
Posted: 2018-07-12More...
 

Critical analysis of Amla Rasa and its effects on Human body

Ayurveda mainly concentrates on prevention and treatment of diseases, where in it gives more importance to food and nutrition. In Ayurveda Rasa concept is explained which is having 6 Rasa’s, Amlarasa is one of among the Shad Rasa and each Rasa is having its own individual nutritive value. So the present study emphasizes on the physical properties of Amlarasa and its effects on the body when it is consumed in normal quantity and in excess quantity. Material and Methods – In Ayurveda Rasa has been told in different contexts here Rasa is taken as sense of taste which is perceived through Rasanendriya, there are 6 Rasas  and Amala Rasa is one among them. It is predominant of Prithvi and Agni Bhutas. It is Vyavayi, Laghu and Snigdha. Mukhabodhana, Asyakanthavidaha, etc are the characters of Amla Rasa. Dantaharsha, Trishna, Akshinmilana, etc are the Atiyoga lakshanas of AmlarasaDiscussion - All the functions of Amlarasa are mainly depends upon its Gunas, Atiyoga lakshanas are seen may be because of over intake of AmlarasaConclusion – Concept of Rasa is bases for the nutritional value of the food. Amla Rasa is a nutritive Rasa, it performs functions like Deepana, Pachana, Rochana, Hrudya etc. When consumed in excess, it may causes features like Bhrama, Pandu, etc. which are mostly related to Pitta and Raktha Vrudhi because of Agneya nature of Amla Rasa.

Keywords: Amlarasa, Mukhabodhana, Asyakanthavidaha, Trishna, Akshinmilana.

Posted: 2018-07-13More...
 

JAHM current issue

 

PHARMACEUTICO ANALYTICAL STANDARDIZATION OF RASA BHASMA PREPARED AS PER RASA MANJARI BY USING BHUDHARA YANTRA METHOD

Metals and minerals are being used in Ayurveda pharmaceutics and therapeutics since a very long period. Herbomineral formulations or Rasoushadhi are considered as more potent and quick acting. Rasa (mercury) is given prime importancein Rasashastra owing to its remarkable therapeutic potential. However, Rasa is to be utilized in any of the three forms i.e; MritaParada, BaddhaParada and MoorchithaParada.MrutaParada refers to ParadaBhasma which is claimed to have immense therapeutic potential and also helps to improve longevity. Rasa Bhasma or ParadaBhasma is a formulation mentioned in various text books of Rasashastraviz.,RasaRatnaSamuchchaya, Rasa Raja Sundara, Yoga Ratnakara, Bhavaprakasha, SharangadharaSamhita, Rasa PrakashaSudhakara, Vaidya Yoga Tarangini, BrihatNighantu, Rasa Manjari, Rasa Tarangini etc. But nowadays practically Rasa Bhasma is not being prepared due to the difficulty in the process and heat sensitivity of Parada. Here, an attempt was made to prepare Rasa Bhasma by following the reference of Rasa Manjari with due importance to Standard Operative Procedure. Three batches were prepared to standardize the process. Prepared Bhasma was tested following organoleptic, classical bhasmapareekshaand physico-chemical parameters. Advanced instrumental methods like SEM-EDAX, XRD, DLSand ICP-OESetc were followed to develop analytical standards.

Posted: 2018-07-13More...
 

“ANTIDIABETIC POTENTIAL OF YAVA MANTHA – AN IN VITRO STUDY”

Abstract

Background: Diabetes Mellitus [DM] is one among the group of metabolic diseases, in which there is high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Presently, more than 7.1% of India’s adult population affected by this disease.1 yava mantha administered as a therapeutic diet is expected to decrease the glucose levels in DM.  In the present study, the adopted samskara (processing) is manthana (churning). As per the verse “samskaro hi gunantaradhanam ucchayte  (processing brings in the quality change/improvement)”2 , by means of churning, it is expected to improve the quality of yava (Barley). Because DM is a yapya vyadhi (disease not curable but can be managed), importance has been focused on the use of traditional food preparations to tackle this disease.

Objectives: The main objective of this study was to study the inhibitory effect of yava mantha on alpha amylase and alpha glucosidase, two intestinal enzymes, and glucose lowering potential of yava mantha.

Materials and methods: Work was conducted at CFTRI, Mysore. Barley was purchased from departmental store, cleaned, dry roasted, milled and stored in an air tight container.

yava mantha was prepared by adding 48 grams (one  Pala) of powdered yava (yava saktu), 12 grams (one Karsha ) of ghee (Go Ghrita) and 192 ml of water ( 4 Pala) was added and churned using magnetic churners at the rate of 520 rpm till the homogenous mixture is obtained. i.e., 1:1:4 parts.

Results: On comparison with different samples, sample churned for 20 minutes has higher inhibition activity. The inhibition concentration (IC-50, mg/ml) of yava mantha churned for 20 minutes (B1) on alpha glucosidase enzyme (methanol extract) was 1.40mg/ml , on alpha glucosidase enzyme (methanol extract) was 6.34 mg/ml, on alpha glucosidase enzyme (water extract) was 189.17 mg/ml.

Discussion and conclusion: The inhibitory effect of yava mantha on alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase activities in vitro indicate that, there is hypoglycemic potential for yava mantha and can be considered as a very good anti-diabetic plant source.

Posted: 2018-06-13More...
 

EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTIVENESS OF LICORICE AND TRIPHALA MOUTHWASHES AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS

Aim:To assess the effectiveness of licorice and triphala against streptococcus mutans and to compare the effect of Licorice, Triphala and Chlorhexidine mouthwash.

Materials and Method:A single blinded quasi experimental study was conducted among the 75 study subjects selected from a tertiary care hospital aged 18-30 years after obtaining ethical clearance.  Aqueous extracts of licorice and triphala were prepared by maceration procedure. The mouth rinse was prepared by adding distilled water (15%) and peppermint oil. The study subjects were divided into 3 equal groups. Group A was provided with Licorice mouth wash, Group B with Triphala and Group C with Chlorhexidine and to safeguard against any bias, the examiner was not informed about the group allotment. The subjects were instructed on the procedure of using mouthwash. Baseline saliva sample was collected and inoculated in mitis salivarius agar and incubated at 370C for 24 hours. After which the colony count was counted and recorded. The saliva samples were again collected on the 7th day and analyzed by the same procedure.

Results:R-commander 2.3-0 was used to analyze the data. Licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine groups showed a reduction of 3.36x104, 3.48x104 and 2.6x104 respectively in mean mutans streptococci colony counts. So the mean mutans streptococci colony counts in all three groups decreased significantly. While comparing the antimicrobial effect of licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine, it was concluded that there was no significant difference between the licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine mouthwashes.

Conclusion:The study affirms that both the licorice and triphala mouthwashes have got similar antibacterial property as chlorhexidine. 

Posted: 2018-07-13More...
 

“ASSESEMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE (WHOQOL-BREF) IN NIGHT SHIFT WORKERS (RATRIJAGARANA)”

Abstract

WHOQOL- BREF is assessment of a multidimensional concept incorporating an individual’s perception of health status, which is embedded in a physical, psychological, social, and environmental context. Various types of health issues are common around the globe due improper sleep pattern and life style. Sleep deprivation can cause ill effects both physically and psychologically. Ratrijagarana is rooksha which causes increase in vata and divaswapna causes snigdhata (increases kapha) in our body. Out of total global employees, nearly 1/5th of them are shift workers. In the present scenario, our society demands round the clock services in order to meet their needs. The present study was opted to analyse the health status of the individuals who do night shift (ratrijagarana) due to their work pattern.

Objective:

To Evaluate the Health Status in night shift workers

Methods:

208 night shift workers were selected for this Survey study. WHO-QOL BREF Questionnaire was used for assessment of health status. (As per inclusion and exclusion criteria)

Results:

Among 208 subjects 89.9% had moderate health status when assessed with the WHO QOL Bref questionnaire. Maximum of 28.8 % had 56 percent of physical health status, 27.9% had 56 percent of psychological health status, 30.3% had 75 percent of socio-economic health status, 30.8% had 50 percent of environmental health status. The Chi-square test is significant (p<0.0005) with WHO Bref questionnaires.

Interpretations and conclusion:

Health status of night shift workers was moderate. Night shift working (ratrijagarana) has an impact on the health status of the individual by decreasing the physical, psychological and socio-economic health. Circadian misalignment is the cause for Shift Work Sleep Disorder (SWSD) and lead to Cognitive risks, Health risks and Social Risks of the individuals.

Key words: Health status, Ratrijagarana, Night shift workers, whoqol bref
Posted: 2018-06-15More...
 

USE OF GOLD IN HUMAN HEALTH AND DISEASES: RESEARCH UPDATES

In ancient times, the gold was mentioned for increasing intellectual powers and longevity of life through the procedure of swarna prashan. Gold in the form of fine gold dust, red colloidal solution, swarna patra, swarna bhasma, swarna parpati, kharaliya (triturated) formulations and Sindoorkalpa,(all are different types of forms of gold) often combined with ghee, honey, medhya (intellect promoting) and rasayana (rejuvenating drugs) herbs were popularly used in the Ayurveda therapies. In Ayurveda classics, gold is indicated for internal use even before conception for its rasayana (rejuvenator) and vajikarana (aphrodisiac) properties. After conception, it is used in pumsavana karma (procedure done to get the desired sex of the baby and for the proper intra-uterine growth and development of the fetus). After birth, gold is indicated in jatakarma sanskara (birth ceremony) and in the form of Lehana (supplementary feeds) for the proper growth and development of the child. Ayurveda advocates that if swarna prashan is administered for 1 month, the baby will become highly intelligent and will not be affected by any disease and if administered for 6 months, the baby will be able to remember the things, only by listening. Present review is an effort to critically evaluate the available evidences regarding the use of gold for the benefit of human being. The review proposes that the benefits of gold can be achieved at multiple levels like as a general health promoter and to enhance intelligence, immunity, digestion, metabolism, physical strength, complexion, or fertility.

 

 

Posted: 2018-07-15More...
 

Tambulasevana As A Dinacharya-A Scientific Review

Tambulasevana is one amongst the Dinacharya, explained by our ancient Acharya’s. Dinacharya is nothing but daily regimen that one should follow to keep ourselves free from diseases. Dinacharya is useful to avoid lifestyle disorders. Due to workload and increased mental pressure, day by day lots of new diseases are emerging. Health is neglected in pursuit of wealth. As per Ayurveda Soul, Mind and Body these three are the main pillars [1]. If these three are in normal state, our health is maintained. Charaka has mentioned two types of treatment i.e. diseases which are formed its treatment by drugs and diseases which are not yet formed, its prevention by avoiding the causative factors of the disease [2]. Dinacharya is advised to be followed by healthy person, as for unhealthy person pattern may change as per his health condition [3]. In Dinacharya things are described to avoid future probable diseases which may occur due to routine work and activity. Along with prevention it is way to strengthen our body and to improve immunity.  If we follow Tambulasevana as explained in our ancient text, it will help us to increase our digestion, to maintain hygiene of our mouth, avoids tooth caries. It removes stickiness of mouth by alleviating vitiated kapha dosha. An effort is made to explore the Tambulasevana as per our literature.
Posted: 2018-07-12More...
 

Critical analysis of Amla Rasa and its effects on Human body

Ayurveda mainly concentrates on prevention and treatment of diseases, where in it gives more importance to food and nutrition. In Ayurveda Rasa concept is explained which is having 6 Rasa’s, Amlarasa is one of among the Shad Rasa and each Rasa is having its own individual nutritive value. So the present study emphasizes on the physical properties of Amlarasa and its effects on the body when it is consumed in normal quantity and in excess quantity. Material and Methods – In Ayurveda Rasa has been told in different contexts here Rasa is taken as sense of taste which is perceived through Rasanendriya, there are 6 Rasas  and Amala Rasa is one among them. It is predominant of Prithvi and Agni Bhutas. It is Vyavayi, Laghu and Snigdha. Mukhabodhana, Asyakanthavidaha, etc are the characters of Amla Rasa. Dantaharsha, Trishna, Akshinmilana, etc are the Atiyoga lakshanas of AmlarasaDiscussion - All the functions of Amlarasa are mainly depends upon its Gunas, Atiyoga lakshanas are seen may be because of over intake of AmlarasaConclusion – Concept of Rasa is bases for the nutritional value of the food. Amla Rasa is a nutritive Rasa, it performs functions like Deepana, Pachana, Rochana, Hrudya etc. When consumed in excess, it may causes features like Bhrama, Pandu, etc. which are mostly related to Pitta and Raktha Vrudhi because of Agneya nature of Amla Rasa.

Keywords: Amlarasa, Mukhabodhana, Asyakanthavidaha, Trishna, Akshinmilana.

Posted: 2018-07-13More...
 

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Posted: 2013-11-11 More...
 
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Vol 6, No 3 (2018): Journal of Ayurveda and Holistic Medicine (JAHM)

Table of Contents

Experimental Study

PHARMACEUTICO ANALYTICAL STANDARDIZATION OF RASA BHASMA PREPARED AS PER RASA MANJARI BY USING BHUDHARA YANTRA METHOD PDF
Sathyanarayana Badekila, Dinesh Nayak 1-17
“ANTIDIABETIC POTENTIAL OF YAVA MANTHA – AN IN VITRO STUDY” PDF
Harshitha KJ, Kavita MB, Baskaran V, Gurubasavaraj Y 18-25
EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTIVENESS OF LICORICE AND TRIPHALA MOUTHWASHES AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS PDF
M Aparna 26-33

Clinical Study

“ASSESEMENT OF QUALITY OF LIFE (WHOQOL-BREF) IN NIGHT SHIFT WORKERS (RATRIJAGARANA)” PDF
Dr.Venu S, Dr. Bargale Sushant Sukumar 34-51

Review Article

USE OF GOLD IN HUMAN HEALTH AND DISEASES: RESEARCH UPDATES PDF
Nitu Sinha, Krishna Bahadur Singh, Nisha Kumari Ojha, Satyendra Kumar Tiwari 52-68
Tambulasevana As A Dinacharya-A Scientific Review PDF
Manoj Gurunathrao Pande 69-77
Critical analysis of Amla Rasa and its effects on Human body PDF
Akshaykumar Cholin 78-86


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