CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF MENSTRUAL TABOOS AMONG YOUNG GIRLS IN ANAND DISTRICT OF GUJARAT
Menstruation is a complex phenomenon in women’s life since it is related to many areas such as biology, psychology, society and religion. The average woman will menstruate almost a quarter of her fertile life, yet there are many religions which, to this day, hold primitive ideas and beliefs regarding this common phenomenon. The debate of which has been of importance since Sabrimala temple incidence. Taboos are intense prohibitions of certain acts and it is unacceptable to the society. It is believed that if the taboo is not followed it will result to harm to person as well as the community.1,2 Menstrual taboos are prevalent all over the world in different forms. Objectives : 1. To study about observance and non observance of menstrual restrictions among young girls.2. To study about the reasons behind following restrictions. Materials and Methods : A survey of about 798 young girls between the age group of 16-25 years of urban, rural and hostel areas of Anand district, Gujarat was conducted with closed ended questionnaire related to menstrual taboos. Results : 380 girls (47.62%) avoided visiting temple during menstruation and 332 out of 798 (41.60%) were prohibited from religious activities. 44.53% girls (301) followed restrictions because of religion and others i.e. 39.50% (267) girls mentioned their culture as a reason for observing the restrictions.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online. "Taboo." Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Accessed 21 Mar. 2012
Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary, 11th Edition. "Taboo."
Puri S, Kapoor S. Taboos and Myths associated with women health among rural and urban adolescent girls in Punjab. Indian J Community Med. 2006;31:168–70. [Google Scholar] [Ref list]
Kumar A, Srivastava K. Cultural and social practices regarding menstruation among adolescent girls. Soc Work Public Health. 2011; 26(6):594-604.
Charaka Samhita, Ayurved Dipika Commentary,Yadavji Trikamji Acharya, Editor, Varanasi,Chaukhambha Sanskrit Sansthana: Sharirsthana 8/5:2001, pp-340-341
Sushruta Samhita, NibandaSangraha Vyakhya,Acharya Priyavart Sharma, Editor, Varanasi, Chaukhambha Orientalia:, Sharirsthana, 2/25:2007, pp- 346
Kashyap Samhita, P.V. Tiwari, Editor, Varanasi,Chaukhambha Vishvabharti: Sharirsthana 5/7;2002, pp- 137
Sushruta Samhita, NibandaSangraha Vyakhya,Acharya Priyavart Sharma, Editor, Varanasi,Chaukhambha Orientalia:, Sharirsthana, 2/25:2007, pp- 346-347
Jasmine Gujarathi, Ritesh Gujarathi. Rajaswala Paricharya – Menstrual taboos :Myths and facts. Journal of Vishva Ayurved Parishad. Vol 10(7-8) Aug 2013 : 15-18
; Davis, M. E Experimental studies, old and new, on menstrual toxin.. Journal
of Comparative Psychology, Vol 18(1), Aug 1934, 113-134.
Freeman W, Looney JM, and Small RR. 1934. Studies on the phytotoxic index II. Menstrual toxin (“menotoxin”). Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 52(2):179-183
Macht, D. I, Lubin D S; Phyto-Pharmacological Study Of Menstrual Toxin: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics December 1, 1923, 22 (5) 413-466;
Mcclintock, M.K. (1971) Menstrual synchrony and suppression. Nature, 229, 244245.
Mclintock, M.K. (1981) Social control of the ovarian cycle and the function of estrous synchrony. Amer. Zool., 21, 243256.
Stern K, mcclintock MK (March 1998). "Regulation of ovulation by human pheromones”Nature 392(6672): 1779.
Weller L, Weller A, Koresh-Kamin H, et al. Menstrual synchrony in a sample of working
women. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1999; 24 (4) : 449-59.
The author(s) will retain copyright and permit the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that permits others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
The entire contents of the JAHM are protected under Indian and international copyrights. The Journal, however, allows free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. The journal also permits the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use under Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
In case of JAHM does not publish said work, the author(s) will be so notified and all rights assigned hereunder will be given back to the author(s).
All accepted works should not be published anywhere without prior written permission from JAHM. The author(s) hereby declare that they are sole author(s) of the work, that all authors have contributed and agree with the content and conclusions of the work, that the work is original, and does not infringe upon any copyright, propriety, or personal right of any third party, and that no part of it nor any work has been submitted to another journal.