Yoga as a Preventive Health Care According To Prakriti a Critical Study
Background: The predominance of dosha (humors) determines the doshaja prakriti- the functional or the energetic condition of the body. Each prakriti (constitution) has its own drawbacks and may prone to specific health issues in the future if not balanced by daily diet and routine chores. Vedic Sciences, Ayurveda and Yoga originated from the same source and share a common history and cultural foundation. Yoga is often advised for a long duration or as a routine. Any routine physiological or psychological alteration including Yoga may affect the prakriti positively or negatively. This review aims to evaluate the importance of Yoga according to prakriti as a preventive measure for future ailments. A framework is rendered for interpretation of the Yoga practice according to prakriti. It will also help to build a standardized protocol for therapeutic Yoga.
Classical Ayurvedic texts were searched for the reference of prakriti and Yoga. The experimental, clinical studies found supportive of Ayurvedic prakriti in Yoga, therapeutic Yoga and prakriti related future ailments were screened and selected. References are taken from review articles of Yoga and gene expression; of critically analyzed experimental studies are screened and selected. For the therapeutic significance of Yoga RCTs mentioning the duration of practice and number of participants are selected.
Conclusion: Yoga practice encouraging the opposite qualities of prakriti can naturally bring back the balance of dosha. A standardized protocol for therapeutic Yoga and prevention of prakriti prone probable ailments can be possible. It can be utilized as a personalized preventive health regimen.
Key words: Yoga, Prakriti, Dosha, Future Ailments, Personalized Yoga, Preventive Yoga
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