REVIEW OF GARBHASYA SHADDHATWAMAKABHAVAS (PANCHAMAHABHUTAS AND ATMA) IN THE FOETAL DEVELOPMENT
The creation of garbha in the garbhashya by the permutation of Shukra and Artava with atma is known as garbha. So this process is known as garbhadhana.
It is mainly explained by Acharya Charak, According to him there are six factor i.e. matrujadi shad bhava which are helps in the formation of garbha and development of angapratyangas. Other than these six bhavas there are shaddhatwatmaka bhavas i.e.akashaja, vayaviya, agneya, jalaiya, parthiva, and atmaja have the influence on the constitution of the body. When shaddhatu come together garbha is formed, hence garbha is known as the product of panchamahabhutas and seat of chetana, Hence chetana is the 6th dhatu. Panchamahabhutais the core fundamental aspect of Ayurveda. It is the five basic material constituents which exist in the universe.and human beings. And because of chetana the garbha remains alive upto the prasava(delivery).
The entire physical, chemical, biochemical changes precipitating inside the body, are only because of different pattern of combination and mode of action of panchamahabhutas.
So there is need of time to elaborate to explain the role of shaddhatwaatmaka bahva i.e panchamahabhuta and atma in development of garbha.
Key words: Panchamahabhuta, Atma, Shaddhatwatmaka bhava , Garbha, foetus.
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