EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTIVENESS OF LICORICE AND TRIPHALA MOUTHWASHES AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS

M Aparna

Abstract


Aim:To assess the effectiveness of licorice and triphala against streptococcus mutans and to compare the effect of Licorice, Triphala and Chlorhexidine mouthwash.

Materials and Method:A single blinded quasi experimental study was conducted among the 75 study subjects selected from a tertiary care hospital aged 18-30 years after obtaining ethical clearance.  Aqueous extracts of licorice and triphala were prepared by maceration procedure. The mouth rinse was prepared by adding distilled water (15%) and peppermint oil. The study subjects were divided into 3 equal groups. Group A was provided with Licorice mouth wash, Group B with Triphala and Group C with Chlorhexidine and to safeguard against any bias, the examiner was not informed about the group allotment. The subjects were instructed on the procedure of using mouthwash. Baseline saliva sample was collected and inoculated in mitis salivarius agar and incubated at 370C for 24 hours. After which the colony count was counted and recorded. The saliva samples were again collected on the 7th day and analyzed by the same procedure.

Results:R-commander 2.3-0 was used to analyze the data. Licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine groups showed a reduction of 3.36x104, 3.48x104 and 2.6x104 respectively in mean mutans streptococci colony counts. So the mean mutans streptococci colony counts in all three groups decreased significantly. While comparing the antimicrobial effect of licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine, it was concluded that there was no significant difference between the licorice, triphala and chlorhexidine mouthwashes.

Conclusion:The study affirms that both the licorice and triphala mouthwashes have got similar antibacterial property as chlorhexidine. 


Keywords


Antimicrobial activity, Chlorhexidine, Licorice, Streptococcus mutans, Triphala

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