UNDESTANDING SAVRANA SUKLA IN THE LIGHT OF CORNEAL ULCER – A CRITICAL REVIEW
Susruta Samhitha is one of the prominent classics dealing with Ayurvedic ophthalmology. The disease Savrana sukla is described among Krishnamandala Roga and predominantly involves Rakta Dushti. It almost resembles corneal ulcer of modern ophthalmology. The chief commentator of Susruta Samhitha, Acharya Dalhana, has considered Savrana sukla as Asadhya in Nibandasangraha Vyakhyana. Even though it is incurable by prognosis, Acharya Susruta has very well detailed its management. The factors like chronicity, site of manifestation in cornea, number of ulcers formed will influence the prognosis. Even though Krishnamandala (cornea) is an avascular organ, the diseases manifesting in it is mainly Rakthaja origion. This is because of its embryological evolution from the Raktha Dhatu. The main stream management of the Savrana shukla is also Rakthamakshana and Virechana which can be adopted for the management of mild corneal abrasion as well as the well-developed corneal ulcer. In this review the concept of Savrana sukla is critically analyzed in the light of corneal ulcer.
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