Vegetables in Prevention and Management of Dermatological Disorders: Ayurvedic Views and Perspectives
Ayurveda considers that, diet (Ahara) plays a major role in pathophysiology of many diseases and also interferes with the pharmacological actions of the prescribed drugs. The concept of Pathya (wholesome diet) in prevention and management of diseases is an unique contribution of Ayurveda. Classical texts delineated different vegetables under “Shakavarga”, with their properties and indications in different disease conditions. These vegetables can be prescribed as Pathya (wholesome diet) in clinical practice. In the present review, plants described under Shakavarga, indicated as Pathya in different skin diseases like Daha (Burning sensation), Kandu (Itching), Kustha (Skin disease), Vidradhi (Abscess), Visarpa (Erysipelas) were compiled from 15 different Ayurvedic classical texts. The obtained data has been critically analysed and being presented in a precise manner with regards to their various reported activity in skin diseases. Analysis of the compiled data reveals that out of 332 plants, described under Shakavarga, 49 vegetables are indicated in skin diseases. Among them, botanical identity of 46 classical plants has been established and maximum number of vegetables belongs to the family cucurbitaceae. On critical analysis, it is observed that some of these vegetables has been well studied and were reported for their various pharmacological activities related to prevention and management of certain skin disorders. These classical vegetables are reported for their antioxidant activity (20), Anti-inflammatory activity (17), Antibacterial activity (14), Immunomodulatory activity (7), Anti-allergic activity (3) and Antihistamine activity (3). The observed result may be helpful in planning the use of vegetables as Pathya in various disorders. This if followed strictly, may help to prevent from many disorders and to manage diseases easily.
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